Oxytocin has long been known to play a key role in social bonding between humans, but now researches have found that it can even make dogs more friendly towards their owners :
An oxytocin nasal spray can strengthen the bond between you and your pet dog, a new study has found.
Researchers studied how 16 pet adult dogs of different breeds behaved after they were exposed to an oxytocin spray.
Oxytocin or ‘love hormone’ is a naturally occurring hormone released by the pituitary gland.
The scientists recorded any instance of bonding behaviour that the dogs showed with other familiar dogs as well as with their owners.
The behaviours included sniffing, licking, gentle touching with the nose or paw, playing and resting in contact with the other’s body.
Researchers found that after receiving the oxytocin spray, dogs displayed more affiliative behaviours and paid more attention to their owners
Researchers have found another unexpected benefit of oxytocin – the hormone commonly associated with social functioning has now been discovered to play a possible role in the regeneration of muscles in aging mammals.
A few other biochemical factors in blood have been connected to aging and disease in recent years, but oxytocin is the first anti-aging molecule identified that is approved by the Food and Drug Administration for clinical use in humans. “Unfortunately, most of the molecules discovered so far to boost tissue regeneration are also associated with cancer, limiting their potential as treatments for humans. Our quest is to find a molecule that not only rejuvenates old muscle and other tissue, but that can do so sustainably long-term without increasing the risk of cancer.”
The new study determined that in mice, blood levels of oxytocin declined with age. They also showed that there are fewer receptors for oxytocin in muscle stem cells in old versus young mice. To tease out oxytocin’s role in muscle repair, the researchers injected the hormone under the skin of old mice for four days, and then for five days more after the muscles were injured. After the nine-day treatment, they found that the muscles of the mice that had received oxytocin injections healed far better than those of a control group of mice without oxytocin. “The action of oxytocin was fast. The repair of muscle in the old mice was at about 80 percent of what we saw in the young mice.”
Interestingly, giving young mice an extra boost of oxytocin did not seem to cause a significant change in muscle regeneration. “This is good because it demonstrates that extra oxytocin boosts aged tissue stem cells without making muscle stem cells divide uncontrollably.” The researchers also found that blocking the effects of oxytocin in young mice rapidly compromised their ability to repair muscle, which resembled old tissue after an injury.
Read more at : https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2014/06/oxytocin-and-muscle-regeneration-in-aging.php
Fresh studies into Oxytocin conducted by a team of American and Italian researchers have given further hope that the hormone may form the basis of a possible treatment for autism in kids. The study did not look at autism itself, but it did find that oxytocin may help to promote social skills in babies, just as other studies appear to have found a similar effect on social skills in adults.
The study found that monkey babies given oxytocin were better able to mimic facial expressions of care givers associated with social skills better than monkeys not given the hormone.
These results not only suggest that oxytocin may have a positive effect on social interaction among children with autism, but it can provide a model for studying early neurobiology and social behavior during development. Jerrold Meyer, behavioral endocrinologist of UMass Amherst calls these findings “exciting,” according to Science Codex. Further research on the breastfeeding hormone could help in developing new forms of treatment for developmental disorders of social behaviors.
In a similar 2013 study, the “love hormone” was found to help autistic children bond with others, although the effects did not last long. This suggests there should be considerations on whether this could be used as a treatment for social impairments. A single dose of the chemical improved brain responses to facial expressions and could be used rather as an add-on to the behavioral therapies for autistic people. The chemical one way or another, holds the key to possible autism treatment, since it plays a crucial role in bonding and trust.
Read More at : http://www.medicaldaily.com/oxytocin-may-help-promote-social-skills-babies-could-love-hormone-hold-key-autism-treatment-279366
Treatment with the hormone oxytocin boosts brain activity and improves recognition of emotions in people with autism, according to two small studies published in February1, 2.
Oxytocin is a chemical messenger linked to a long list of social behaviors, ranging from empathy to monogamy, in both people and rodents. Preliminary studies suggest that short-term treatment with oxytocin may boost social skills such as emotion recognition in some people with autism. The effects of long-term treatment have not yet been rigorously studied.
It has long been known that oxytocin plays a leading role in the bonding behaviour of mothers and their newly born children. There is now a growing list of scientific studies that indicate that oxytocin spray could be used as a basis for treating patients with autism or any other type of social cognitive problems.
Oxytocin is known as the ‘love hormone’. The incredible effects that this powerful hormone have on relationships, trust, and sexual and romantic attraction are well established and scientificly proven. Oxytocin effects both men and women, building rapport, attraction, interest, emotional and sex appeal. Ensure that Valentines Day is the most romantic day of your life with the world’s most famous oxytocin spray :
Researcher in Australia claim that a modified version of the love hormone oxytocin may form a successful treatment for irritable bowel syndrome and abdominal pain. Currently, there is no drug that directly treats bowel pain, despite up to 11% of Americans suffering from the illness. Using an ‘improved’ version of the oxytocin molocule, the team from the University of Queensland were able to create a drug that passed successfully into the digestive system. The researchers found that their oxytocin drug had ‘significant potential’ to alleviate the symptoms of chronic bowel problems.
read more at : http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-01-oxytocin-abdominal-pain.html
Oxytocin is known as ‘the love drug’ for its ability to enhance social interactions including maternal behaviour, partnership and bonding.
Professor Alewood, from UQ’s Institute for Molecular Bioscience, said the molecule they had developed – a version of oxytocin with improved stability – showed significant potential in alleviating abdominal pain.
“It can potentially survive in the digestive tract until it reaches the gut,” he said.
“This molecule acts on oxytocin nerve receptors in the bowel, which display increased sensitivity in conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome.”
Professor Alewood said it had no effect on healthy gut tissue, which was an important advantage in drug development where minimising side effects is crucial.
Chronic abdominal pain is a major health problem, with irritable bowel syndrome alone affecting around 11 per cent of the Western population.
David Pearce is one of the most prominant philosophers of ‘Transhumanism’ – a movement which actively supports the idea the humans should improve themselves through science into something more than human. Pearce is a vegetarian and believes that through science it will be possible to build a pain free world for all sentient beings and that this should be a moral goal of humanity.
This utiliatarian philosopher, who believes that the basis of morality is the pursuit of happiness for all, has a particular interest in the hormone oxytocin and it’s possible uses in bringing about a better world in which people are more trusting and loving of each other, and other animals. He has a website devoted entirely to this end :
see also : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Pearce_%28philosopher%29
- It is believed that both men and women are more likely to be faithful to their partners when influenced by the love hormone oxytocin.
- The best natural way to produce oxytocin in both yourself and another, and hence feelings of trust and intimacy, is to hug them or even have sex with them!
- Oxytocin plays a key role in the reproductive system, from attraction, to breast feeding, to mother/child bonding.
- Oyxtocin was first synthetically proudced soon after its precise amino-acid sequence was discovered in 1953.
- Oxytocin has been shown to posess healing properties and to reduce inflammation.
- Oxytocin is released by both men and women during orgasms and sex.
More facts about oxytocin at : http://oxytocin.net/oxytocin-2/oxytocin-the-love-molecule/
A university researcher has been given $1.5 million to research oxytocin.
The ‘Love Hormone’ has been attracting increasing attention from both the media and science for its role in apparently everything from mother infant bonding to levels of trust between people. Both government and pharma companies are throwing money at University teams researching the hormone in the hope that it may lead to cures for such things as breast feeding problems and even autism and schizophrenia.
“Since the properties of oxytocin neurons change during pregnancy and lactation, we want to investigate the mechanisms underlying this adaptation, which maximizes the efficiency of oxytocin’s actions,” Armstrong said.
The grant, funded by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Development, will enable Armstrong to continue his research for the next five years.
Oxytocin may soon be added to the list of banned performance enhancing substances – at least for team sports – if a leading expert on the hormone is correct. Gert-Jan Pepping, a researcher at the Centre for Human Movement Sciences at the University of Groningen in the Netherlands, claims that there is reason to believe that oxytocin plays a considerable role in enhancing team sport performance.
Consider, he says, what happens during soccer shootouts. For a study that he and his colleagues published in 2010, they watched replays of a multitude of penalty shootouts that had decided recent, high-pressure World Cup and European Championship games.
They found that when one of the first shooters threw his arms in the air to celebrate a goal, his teammates were far more likely to subsequently shoot successfully than when no exuberant gestures followed a goal.
The players had undergone, it seems, a “transference of emotion,” Dr. Pepping and his colleagues wrote. Emotions such as happiness and confidence are known to be contagious, with one person’s excitement sparking rolling biochemical reactions in onlookers’ brains.
In the shootouts, he says, each player almost certainly had experienced a shared burst of oxytocin, and in the rush of positive feeling, had shot better.
Read More : http://well.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/11/21/the-love-hormone-as-sports-enhancer/